A just criminal justice system treats everyone equally and affords all due process under the law. It also recognizes the potential of all people to transform their lives and contribute to society, ensuring rehabilitation accompanies punishment and providing second chances to those who deserve them. Unfortunately, today’s criminal justice system is far from that ideal. It criminalizes poverty and disproportionately harms minorities and low-income communities. We want to change that. We’re working toward a system that keeps communities safe, puts behind bars only those people who should be there, and ensures the punishment fits the crime.
We want a criminal justice system that ensures rehabilitation accompanies punishment and provides second chances to those who deserve them.
Our vision in action
- After serving time in prison, John Koufos decided to dedicate his life to helping formerly incarcerated people transform their lives. Now, John is scaling his efforts through Safe Streets & Second Chances, a first-of-its-kind project that combines academic research into the most effective re-entry programs with public policy reforms.
- Led by Erik Luna, Arizona State University’s Academy for Justice brought together over 50 of the nation’s leading scholars to publish Reforming Criminal Justice, a four-part volume that is widely recognized as the authoritative report bridging the gap between academic scholarship and reforms on the ground.
- Americans for Prosperity Foundation is uniting citizens to provide second chances to formerly incarcerated individuals who have earned them, including major media efforts to tell the stories of people who have gained a second chance and transformed their lives.
- Nearly 80 percent of Americans agree our criminal justice system should focus on rehabilitation instead of punishment alone.
Guiding principles and insights
Fixing America’s “overcriminalization” epidemic
America has an overcriminalization epidemic. Due to an explosion in the number of laws and regulations that carry criminal penalties, the U.S. incarcerated population has quadrupled from roughly 500,000 in 1980 to nearly 2.2 million people in 2016. As a result, there are as many Americans with criminal records—one-in-four—as there are with college degrees. Worst of all, the system effectively criminalizes poverty. Studies show the poorer you grew up, the more likely you are to spend time incarcerated when compared to those raised in higher income households.
The Stand Together community is working to fix this epidemic. For starters, that means eliminating criminal punishments for offenses that pose no danger to public safety—e.g., are communities made safer by locking up people who can’t afford excessive fines for traffic violations? We should also provide alternative punishments for low-risk offenders that are more effective than incarceration.
For example, states such as Georgia implemented substance abuse treatment programs and accountability courts for low-level offenders. The results: Fewer people continue breaking the law after serving their punishment, the prison population declined, and the state’s crime rate fell overall. Now, our community is uniting federal and state lawmakers, the law enforcement community, academic experts, and others to implement similar reforms at every level of our criminal justice system.
95 percent of those in prison will be released—more than 650,000 people each year. It’s in everyone’s interest to ensure they come out better than they went in.
The punishment should fit the crime. Prison should rehabilitate people.
It’s pretty simple: Punishments should fit the crime, and we should keep communities safe by rehabilitating people in prison rather than just punishing them. That’s not the case today.
Mandatory minimum sentences lock up non-violent, first-time offenders for decades. People charged with multiple trivial crimes have their sentences “stacked,” producing decades-long sentences. Additionally, the system denies many incarcerated people access to rehabilitation programs, sometimes releasing them back into society worse than they went in.
The Stand Together community is working to change that. We have united with groups and people as diverse as the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Texas Public Policy Foundation, policymakers from both parties, and over a dozen governors to reduce excessive sentencing practices and expand access to in-prison education and workforce development programs. This included helping build bipartisan coalitions to pass the federal FIRST STEP Act and enact similar reforms in states across the country.
States have shown such commonsense reforms reduce recidivism, crime, and prison populations. The added bonus? It saves a ton of money. For example, Texas has closed eight prisons and saved $4 billion since the early 2000s, while reducing its crime rate to a 50-year low.
Let’s implement this approach across the country.
74 percent of managers and 84 percent of HR professionals say they are willing or open to hiring individuals with a criminal record.
Let’s give second chances to people who have paid their debt to society.
Let’s be clear: People should be held accountable for their actions. But those who have paid their debt to society deserve a second chance—one that’s denied to too many people today.
For example, there are more than 15,000 laws and regulations that limit job opportunities for people with a criminal record. Other policies make it near impossible to find affordable housing, open bank accounts, and countless other things that are essential for leading productive lives. It helps to explain why 77 percent of people released from prison are arrested again within five years.
Our community is working to remove these and countless other barriers by reforming policies like occupational licensing that limit access to employment, encouraging businesses to choose to adopt hiring practices that screen out otherwise qualified job applicants simply because they have a criminal record, and supporting dozens of workforce development programs that provide a pathway from prison to employment.
There’s a role for the institutions of education, business, communities, and government to play in helping people re-enter society. We’re working with social entrepreneurs within them all.
Critical Race Theory and Efforts to Fight Racial Injustice
Racial injustice creates serious barriers that continues to hold people back. We need more, not less, discussion about these barriers.
Unfortunately, the debate around Critical Race Theory demonstrates how false choices can be used to undermine honest dialogue. The false choice is that you have to either deny the problems of racial injustice or accept CRT and therefore reject the core principles of our country’s founding. We reject that choice.
The truth is, very few people are actually advocating a strict adherence to the ideas of Critical Race Theory. Rather, many who are drawn to CRT simply want to call attention to our country’s historical injustices related to race. On the other hand, many of those opposed to CRT aren’t suggesting that race isn’t an important issue to address. Rather, they are fearful that CRT undermines America’s founding principle of equal rights and won’t solve the harms that come from racial discrimination. But both groups can agree that racial injustice is a problem we need to come together to solve.
Here’s where we stand:
CRT is an academic framework that is at odds with America’s founding ideal of equal rights, where all people are treated equally. We should strive to more fully live up to this ideal, not double down on its violation. But despite our disagreement with CRT, we don’t support efforts to ban its teaching. Using government to ban ideas, even those we disagree with, is also counter to core American principles – the principles that help drive social progress.
We believe approaches rooted in respect offer better ways to solve the problem. Rather than give into the us-vs-them mentality, initiatives like Heal America focus on bridging divides to bring people together to fight racial injustice by more fully living out our country’s core principles.
More examples of work supported by the Stand Together community:
- Professors like Dr. Carrie Pettus-Davis at Florida State University are conducting first-of-its-kind research to identify the most effective ways to prepare people for release from prison and equip them with the skills they need to succeed.
- The Drug Enforcement and Policy Center at The Ohio State University is researching drug policy and sentencing reforms that can help address our country’s opioid crisis.
- In-prison education programs such as Hudson Link help those in prison earn degrees from accredited universities—lowering the recidivism rate from a national average of nearly 70 percent down to less than one percent for program participants.
- Alternative sentencing programs such as The Other Side Academy, a minimum two-year residential program that offers vocational training, education, and peer counseling.
- In-prison vocational programs such as The Last Mile help people learn the skills they need to hold a job and improve their lives upon release.
- Encourage more businesses to “ban the box” that asks job applicants whether they have a criminal record and has been found to reduce by half the chances someone receives a call back.
- The Society for Human Resources Management increases awareness of the willingness of business managers and human resources officers to hire people with criminal records.
- Supported passage of the federal FIRST STEP Act, which helps more people in prison re-enter society as productive citizens and reform mandatory sentences for low-level, non-violent offenders who made a mistake and deserve a second chance.
- Supported reforms in more than 30 states to overhaul the criminal justice system, including bail reform, ending civil asset forfeiture, and more.
- Partnered with the ACLU to restore voting rights to Floridians who have felony convictions and deserve a second chance. If we want people to successfully re-enter society, we need to welcome them as full members.
- Partnered with Google to reform bail policies to better reflect whether the arrested individual poses a threat to public safety.
- Supported policy champions at all levels of government who will enact criminal justice reforms that keep communities safe, rehabilitate people in prison, and provide second chances.
We want a criminal justice system that keeps communities safe, rehabilitates people, and recognizes the potential in every person to transform his or her life and contribute to society.